Felines have been associated with humans for almost 10,000 years. A 9500-year-old Neolithic grave found in Cyprus contained the skeletons of both a human and a cat.
The oldest cat recorded by the Guinness Book of Records was Creme Puff, who lived to the ripe old age of 38. Creme Puff belonged to Jake Perry, and died in 2005. Cats typically live for 15-20 years.
The largest species of domestic cat is the Maine Coon, weighing up to 11 kilos (25 lb). The average weight for a cat is 4-5 kilos (8-11 lb).
They are known to hunt over 1000 different species for food.
Ginger cats are three times more likely to be male than female.
Tortoiseshells are usually female.
White cats with blue eyes are very likely to be deaf (but not always!)
All members of the species must eat meat as they need taurine, a protein found in meat, to stop them from going blind.
Contrary to popular opinion, it's best not to offer cats milk, as it can give them diarrhea. This is because some of them (and particularly Siamese and other orientals) lack the enzyme to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk.
Sir Isaac Newton (when he wasn't busy discovering gravity) is thought to have invented the cat flap.